General information


Skin regeneration has 4 stages.

  1. Hemostasis


This is the stage where the blood vessels constrict and blood clots. This process happens very quickly. Blood coagulates thanks to the release of prothrombin in our body. This prevents excessive loss of blood.


  1. Defensive / Inflammatory

This stage controls bleeding and helps prevent infection. Localized swelling allows repair cells to move to the site of injury to remove damaged cells, pathogens and bacteria.

  1. Proliferative

The skin cells are rebuilt in this stage. First new blood vessels must be constructed as a pathway for oxygen and nutrients. This is to make sure the wound heals cleanly without complication. Healthy granulation tissue is characterized by pink/red tissue and an uneven texture. The final stage of proliferation is epithelization, where the final layer of the skin is constructed to give a smooth surface.

  1. Remodeling / Maturation

In this stage, the wound fully closes and cells that were used to repair the wound but are no longer needed, are removed. When allowed to progress properly, scar thickness is minimalised and makes the scar area stronger.

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